In-depth
Vietnam's population tops 96.2 million
  • | dtinews.vn | July 12, 2019 08:49 AM
Vietnam's population reached over 96.2 million as of this April, making it the 15th most populous country in the world and the third in Southeast Asia.

   

A traffic congestion in Vietnam

The numbers were announced on July 11 during a meeting about the preliminary results of the 2019 Population and Housing Census. This is the fifth population and housing census conducted in Vietnam. Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue, head of the Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee, chaired the meeting.

The information from the census will be used for socio-economic development policies during the 2021-2030 period and national sustainable development goals.

According to the census, Vietnam has a population of over 96.2 million. The male population is over 47.8 million (49.8%) and the female population is over 48.3 million (50.2%). Vietnam is the 15th most populous country in the world and the third largest population in Southeast Asia after Indonesia and the Philippines.

Vietnam's population increased by 10.4 million people compared to 2009 with an annual growth rate of 1.14%. This rate is slightly lower than the previous 1.18% of the previous decade.

The average sex ratio is 99.1 males for every 100 females. This ratio is 96.5 males for every 100 females in urban areas and 100.5 males per 100 females in rural areas.

   

Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue, head of the Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee, speaks at a meeting about the preliminary results of the 2019 Population and Housing Census on July 11

The census also shows that Vietnam has a higher population density than other countries. As of now, the population density is 290 people per square kilometre, an increase of 31 compared to 2009. Hanoi and HCM City have the highest density in the country with 2,398 people per km2 and 4,363 people per km2 respectively.

Meanwhile, the population growth from 2009 to 2019 is actually slower than the previous decade. The literacy rate improved greatly as most children are able to go to school. Vietnam has shown efforts and successes in improving gender equality. Most families were able to own a proper house in accordance with the national housing development strategy for 2020 with a view to 2030.

The Population and Housing Census is one of the three largest censuses in Vietnam and is only conducted once a decade. Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue said these were only preliminary results and an official report will be released on Vietnam Population Day on December 20.

"Many experts have warned us that even though Vietnam has a golden population, it is ageing at a fast pace. This census will show real numbers and analyse the situation so that we'll have a suitable plan for the problem," he said. "We must have policies to support poor people. The message of this year census is "No one will be left behind."

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